Green electricity production must be ramped up tremendously if Denmark is to become a net exporter of green energy by 2030. According to the Danish government, this requires at least a ten-doubling of solar power. At the same time, we must ensure that our shift to renewable energy is carried out as cheaply and efficiently as possible and that local democracy is not sacrificed in the name of the green transition. Fortunately, solar parks can help restore Danish nature and open the landscape up for neighbours.
The solar park at Viuf and Håstrup, which is in local planning process until expected approval in March 2023, is in many ways unique in its scale and ambitions for local value creation:
- Approximately 129 hectares out of 347 reserved for local initiatives
- Approximately 3 km of piped streams re-established
- Establishment of approximately 10 km trail systems and running paths
- Establishment of a pedestrian tunnel under the main road to create safe access
- Establishment of a charging station near the town of Viuf
- Establishment of shelters and picnic areas
- More than 30,000 m2 reserved for wetlands – including new habitats for tree frogs
- More than 641,000 m2 reserved for two green corridors through the area
Click here for high resolution version of the map.
Better projects through close local involvement
The local communities of Viuf and Håstrup were involved very early in the development process through general public meetings and through individual meetings with neighbours and representatives from local community associations. The goal has been to address concerns, but the conversations have also largely been about finding local solutions that were widely supported.
Early on, this led to the involvement of civic associations from Viuf and Håstrup. Chairman of Viuf Community Association, Nicolai Asmussen explains:
“It is a big change for the area, so it’s important that we get local value from it. In both Viuf and Håstrup Community Associations we decided early on that we would have a constructive dialogue instead of manning the barricades.”
Specifically, this has resulted in local forces birthing many of the initiatives in the project application.
“The pedestrian tunnel under the main road came up as a spontaneous idea through conversations between locals. You don’t just walk across a busy main road, but the tunnel is going to make large nature areas accessible to everyone. As a developer, Better Energy has been good at listening and taking both our concerns and ideas seriously. And this shows in the project application.”
“There are still some who are against the project, but I think that the general feeling is really positive because we put our local stamp on so many things,” Nicolai Asmussen concludes.
Kolding and Vejle municipalities headed forward in the green jersey
Both Kolding and Vejle municipalities are part of the collaborative efforts in the Triangle Energy Alliance, where the ambition is to connect players across sectors and create large amounts of green fuels through power-to-X. This requires even larger amounts of new, green and subsidy-free electricity.
“The climate crisis means that we need to move fast on sustainable electricity produced by wind and solar. In Kolding City Council, we are committed to realising the green transition in dialogue with our local communities, so that the projects also locally give something back. I am pleased that the process in Viuf demonstrates how local dialogue can not only contribute to preventing the most challenging problems during development but also foster concrete suggestions on how the projects can ensure improvements in recreational opportunities, groundwater protection, biodiversity, road safety, etc. I look forward to following the further planning process for this project,” says Mayor of Kolding Municipality Knud Erik Langhoff (K).
Both Kolding and Vejle municipalities have approached the task with a high degree of professionalism, attentiveness and focus on making things happen – and done so with a project that tries to break the framework for what is “customary” and “possible”. The municipalities have succeeded in creating good space for dialogue and connecting citizens, politicians and developers in a mutual ambition to create sustainable solutions for an accelerated green transition.
“This process has shown that with early involvement and good dialogue with local communities, we can create results that not only benefit the green transition but also provide added value to the local communities. We hope that the process will be an inspiration for others working towards the green transition”, says Gerda Haastrup Jørgensen (V), chair of the Technical Committee in Vejle Municipality.
Zoning decision application process (future dates subject to change)
- Fall 2021: Initial process about project with local representatives from Viuf and Håstrup, Kolding and Vejle municipalities and Better Energy
- December 2021: Public meeting in Almind (Viuf Hallen) with information for residents in relation to the project
- April 2022: Political approval to start planning process in Kolding and Vejle municipalities
- April – July 2022: Technical and planning departments in Vejle and Kolding municipalities prepare zoning documents for the project. Better Energy prepares a statutory environmental assessment of the project which will appear together with other zoning documents.
- September 2022: Political debate of zoning application in Kolding and Vejle municipalities
- November 2022 – January 2023: 8-week public hearing of zoning application
- March 2023: Final political debate of zoning decision in Kolding and Vejle municipalities
Local involvement is the key to the green transition
The key to succeeding, says Esben Billeskov, director of development at Better Energy, is locally rooted:
“The prerequisite for the development of initiatives in solar parks, where the area is used for several purposes, is that they have emerged and create value locally. We will only achieve green transition at scale if we can secure local support.”
Better Energy, which set up more than half of new green electricity capacity last year in Denmark, has already built several solar parks where biodiversity and environmental considerations play a key role.
“The more land we manage, the greater positive impact we can have. When we build solar parks, we consider both groundwater interests and biodiversity from the start. So, as we establish more solar parks, it will also be possible to spread biodiversity efforts over larger areas,” explains CEO of Better Energy Rasmus Lildholdt Kjær.
He expects the work to regenerate different types of nature – and also the work creating recreational areas, hiking trails, nature playgrounds and similar initiatives – will intensify in the future and emphasises that the lasting synergy effects arise in close dialogue with the local communities and organisations such as the Danish Society for Nature Conservation.
Therefore, Better Energy and the Danish Society for Nature Conservation have just drawn up a framework agreement for the establishment of renewable energy, which incorporates nature conservation and initiatives that support biodiversity.
Danish Society for Nature Conservation: Solar park in Viuf shows the way
“The project application in Viuf clearly shows that it is not only possible to increase biodiversity and protect groundwater when new green electricity production is built but also possible to open up the landscape so that more people can enjoy our Danish nature,” says Maria Reumert Gjerding and points out that the framework agreement should serve as inspiration for what requirements the municipalities and local communities should have for new green electricity production.
Main elements of the framework agreement
To an even greater extent than today, the Danish Society for Nature Conservation and Better Energy want solar and wind farms to
- be used as a lever to increase biodiversity in the Danish landscape by acting as steppingstones and pockets for flora and fauna,
- contribute to and enable the withdrawal of lowland soils,
- be used to protect the Danish groundwater.
Read the framework agreement here (in Danish).